Travel within Africa for Africans is often fraught with difficulties and beset with hurdles. Poor interstate infrastructure and the high cost of air travel are just a few of the challenges faced by African travellers. However, the single most challenging aspect for Africans is obtaining the necessary permission to enter a country: the visa. Visa requirements for most Africans travelling within the continent is, perhaps, the single most restrictive barrier to travel across Africa. Countries give foreigners permission to enter their territory prior to or at the point of entry, in order to control and monitor who enters, and once they have entered, to limit their activities. States also use visas to reciprocate other states’ position towards their own citizens. More than half of African countries require travellers who are African to obtain a visa before entry.
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